What federal laws provide protections for individuals with disabilities?
There are many federal laws that provide protection for individuals with disabilities. The U.S. Department of Justice has a summary of these laws in its publication, “A Guide to Disability Rights Laws.” For more information on this and similar publications, visit the ADA publications website.
Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 are civil rights laws that give protections to individuals with disabilities that attend school. Information about these laws is available from the U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights (OCR).
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 2004 (IDEA) makes sure that students with disabilities in public K-12 schools receive a free appropriate public education (FAPE).
Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) programs are created because of federal laws, but they are managed by state VR agencies, to offer services related to employment for youths and adults with disabilities.